Research shows that over 80% of entire (un-neutered) dogs over five years old are likely to suffer from prostate disease. Whilst symptoms such as constipation, lameness and difficulty passing urine can occur, usually the dog shows no obvious signs of the disease. However, a simple test can now be done to check for the disease which, if left untreated, can progress quickly, causing serious health problems.
Prostate enlargement can be caused by various diseases in dogs including
• (BPH) Benign Prostate Hyperplasia
• Prostatitis / Prostatic Abscess
• Prostatic Cysts
• Prostatic Tumours
What is the prostate?
The prostate is a small gland located near the neck of the bladder in male dogs. The urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to outside the body) passes through the prostate. The purpose of the prostate is to produce some of the fluids found in semen.
What is Canine Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia?
Canine Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a non cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. It is associated with the male sex hormone testosterone and is the most common disease of the prostate. Prostate disease is common in middle aged to older dogs that have not been castrated.
What are the signs of prostate disease?
A dog with prostate enlargement often has a history of straining to urinate and/or defecate. Dogs will spend a prolonged time trying to urinate and this urine can also be bloody, with blood sometimes dripping from the penis. Dogs that also have difficulty in passing faeces (constipation) will often produce flattened/squashed faeces. Some dogs will also have a stiff gait and arched back.
How is prostate disease diagnosed?
To see if the prostate is enlarged your vet will attempt to feel the prostate either through the abdominal wall or through the rectal wall. Radiographs (x-rays) or ultrasound may be required to help diagnosis. A microscopic examination of the cells in the prostate from fluid obtained from the prostate is often taken to rule out other cause of prostate enlargement.
How is Canine Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia treated?
Enlargement of the gland is caused by testosterone which is produced by the testicles. Surgical Treatment involves removing the testicles (castration) which generally restores the prostate to normal size within 1 month of castration.
How is Canine Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia prevented?
Getting your male dog neutered (castrated) is the only prevention for Canine Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia.
Unfortunately, some cases of prostate enlargement can be caused by a nasty tumour called an adenocarcinoma, which is a malignant tumour originating in the tissue of the prostate gland. Adenocarcinoma’s have the capability for growing and metastasizing (spreading) rapidly to other parts and organs of body, including the lungs, bones, and lymph nodes.
In honour of Canine Prostate Awareness Month this November, we will be offering FREE prostate checks and 10% OFF any recommended investigations, to all adult & senior entire male dogs.
To book an appointment for your dogs FREE prostate check, please call us on 01670 457271.